Animals and crops

Many small Iron Age farmsteads have been ploughed away and only exist now as cropmarks, like this one near St Athan, Vale of Glamorgan (© Crown: RCAHMW)

The majority of Iron Age people were farmers. Most of the farmsteads were small in size, perhaps home to one or two families, who practised a mixed farming regime. They kept animals such as cattle, sheep, horses and pigs, and grew crops like wheat and barley. The bones of these animals, eaten in great feasts, often survive on archaeological sites and help us build a picture of Iron Age life.

The heavy emphasis on the intensive working of the land and the production of cereal crops suggests that community power was measured by land and livestock.

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